For National Projects
With its extensive knowledge CSCS supports different National Projects with high requirements respect on high-performance supercomputing.
In order to be able to explain what happens when elementary particles collide at virtually the speed of light in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, there is a global network of supercomputers. CSCS runs one of those. Large systems such as the planned X-ray laser SwissFEL at the Paul Scherrer Institute can also benefit from the expertise and infrastructure of CSCS, since they cannot operate without high-performance computers. The same is true of big European Union projects (FET Flagship Projects) such as Human Brain, Guardian Angel or FuturICT. Swiss scientists are playing an important role in these and therefore help bring Switzerland’s investment in the EU back to Switzerland.
Analysis of data from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)
The international high-energy physics community at CERN has built the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) - the world biggest accelerator. One of the greatest challenges of the LHC project is the acquisition and analysis of the data. The relevant data volume is between 100 MByte/sec and 1 GByte/sec. Each experiment is expected to collect 1 PByte of raw data per year. 2000 physicists per experiment contribute to the development of hardware and software and they expect to have almost instantaneous access to the data and to a set of up-to-date analysis tools, [Ref: www.cern.ch/lcg].
Switzerland, as a member state of CERN, actively participates in the LHC project as a whole. CHIPP is the virtual institute of all Swiss particle physics laboratories involved in scientific analysis and development of the data produced by the experiments of the LHC. CSCS has operated the computational infrastructure for CHIPP since 2003.
The grid cluster operated by CSCS is called Phoenix.
HPC Infrastructure for the BlueBrain Project
Reconstructing the brain piece by piece and building a virtual brain in a supercomputer—these are some of the goals of the Blue Brain Project at EPFL. The virtual brain will be an exceptional tool giving neuroscientists a new understanding of the brain and a better understanding of neurological diseases.
The computing power needed is considerable. Each simulated neuron requires the equivalent of a laptop computer. A model of the whole brain would have billions. Supercomputing technology is rapidly approaching a level where simulating the whole brain becomes a concrete possibility.
The Blue Brain project began in 2005 with an agreement between the EPFL and IBM, which supplied the BlueGene/L supercomputer acquired by EPFL to build the virtual brain. Starting in late 2013 CSCS is operating Blue Brain IV, an IBM Blue Gene/Q acquired from the Blue Brain Project.
Archiving of scientific data for PSI
The Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), is the largest research centre for natural and engineering sciences within Switzerland. The institute performs world-class research in three main subject areas: Matter and Material; Energy and the Environment; and Human Health. By conducting fundamental and applied research, it works on long-term solutions for major challenges facing society, industry and science.
PSI operates large scale research facilities and conducts research that produce a large amount of data that has to be archived and made available on demand to researchers. CSCS is providing to PSI services related to a dedicated archiving system for scientific data, especially for the SwissFEL experiment.