Founded in 1991, CSCS, the Swiss National Supercomputing Centre, develops and provides the key supercomputing capabilities required to solve important problems to science and/or society. The centre enables world-class research with a scientific user lab that is available to domestic and international researchers through a transparent, peer-reviewed allocation process. CSCS's resources are open to academia, and are available as well to users from industry and the business sector. The centre is operated by ETH Zurich and is located in Lugano.

History

  • 2017
    • CSCS becomes PRACE (Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe) fifth hosting member. Piz Daint is the most powerful system in the PRACE pool of resources.
    • Installation of a new tape library with an initial capacity of 120 PB.
  • 2016
    • 25th anniversary.
    • "Piz Daint" upgraded to enable a consolidation of scientific computing and data analytics services.
    • MeteoSwiss moves its operational numerical weather prediction suite to a hybrid multi-GPU compute nodes system.
  • 2015
    • Installation of a micro hydro plant at the CSCS pumping station to generate electricity using cooling water from the supercomputers.
  • 2014
    • First PASC Conference: PASC14.    
    • Inauguration of the upgraded "Piz Daint", the first hybrid petascale supercomputer in Europe.
  • 2013
    • "Piz Daint" upgraded to hybrid (multicore + GPU accelerator).
  • 2012
    • Cray XC30 "Piz Daint" (multicore).    
    • Launch of the Platform for Advanced Scientific Computing (PASC) initiative.    
    • Official inauguration of the new building.    
    • Move from Manno to the new location in Lugano.
  • 2011
    • Completion of construction work at the Parco Ciani pumping station.
  • 2010
    • Start of construction of the new building in Lugano.
  • 2009
    • First European Workshop on HPC Centre Infrastructures.    
    • Launch of the High Performance and High Productivity Computing (HP2C) initiative.    
    • Cray XT5 "Monte Rosa".    
    • Implementation of the national High-Performance Computing and Networking Strategy (HPCN).
  • 2007
    • Presentation of a national strategy for ensuring timely participation of Swiss research in international developments toward petascale computing.    
    • Start of hosting the cluster for the Swiss Institute of Particle Physics (CHIPP).    
    • IBM P5-575 "Blanc".
  • 2005
    • Cray XT3 "Piz Palü".
  • 2002
    • IBM SP4 "Venus".
  • 2001
    • MeteoSwiss begins computing weather forecasts at CSCS.
  • 1999
    • NEC SX5 "Prometeo".
  • 1996
    • NEC SX4 "Gottardo".
  • 1993
    • CSCS selected by NEC Corporation as the site for NEC's High Performance Computing Software Development Center; collaboration in Parallel Processing.
  • 1992
    • 1st October: official inauguration.
  • 1991
    • "SWITCH" network established, linking the Federal Institutes of Technology with CSCS.    
    • CSCS begins operation on 30 September 1991.    
    • Installation of the first supercomputer, a NEC SX-3/22 "Adula".
  • 1990
    • The center's location is decided: a new building in Manno.
  • 1988
    • Start of discussions on locating the Swiss National Supercomputing Centre in Ticino.
  • 1986
    • Validity of the Federal decree limited to five years starting 1 October 1986; funding thus had to be used by 30 September 1991.
  • 1985
    • Federal decision to invest 40 million Swiss francs in a high performance computing center (> CSCS) and 15 million Swiss francs in developing a national research network for making the supercomputer accessible to Switzerland's leading universities (> SWITCH).
  • 1980
    • The Federal Government identifies a lack of well-trained computer scientists in Switzerland.